Written by: Thanura Premakumar, Pranaya Selva, Dinuja Sivalingam and Madusa Esan
Since 1945, the UN and all member states mark the UN Pact on every year on 24th of October. The UN Charter is the agreement that established the international organization United Nations. The UN Charter is often called the UN Constitution. At the end of World War II, Soviet leader Joseph Stalin, British Prime Minister Winston Churchill, and US President Franklin D. Roosevelt agreed to create a new world organization. UN Day marks what the UN has achieved.
The Convention on the Rights of the Child is the first international human rights convention to give children a special status. It affirms that children have human rights and the right to special protection. The Convention states that all persons under the age of 18 are children and are covered by the Convention on the Rights of the Child. In 2003, the Convention on the Rights of the Child became part of Norwegian law.
One of the examples of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is that all children are born free and of equal value. In Norway, all children have equal rights and are born free. They get help from the state if the parents have a low income. We can compare this with Sri Lanka, where children with rich parents get other opportunities than children born in poor districts. This creates enormous differences that we do not have in Norway. Another example from the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child is that all children have the right to go to school. In Norway, all children are offered to go to school. The parents can decide whether the child should have private or public education. This is covered by the state through the payment of taxes. In Sri Lanka, on the other hand, not everyone can afford to go to school. Some girls are also not allowed by their parents to go to school. This means that many do not get the education they need for further life.
Finally, we would like to conclude that the UN Day is an important day that is memorable for all. The UN has done much to ensure human rights for all. We need this day to mark the end of the suffering of World War II and ensure peace on earth.