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Oral History: Formats
Audio and video
The oral history can be documented either in audio or video formats. It is also essential to think about file size and available storage capacity. And more importantly, file formats that are capable of long-term preservation.
When it comes to text format, oral history recorded in audio or visual formats can be transcribed into text. But this transcription will be for the purpose of finding aids at a library or archive.
The person herself/ himself can also write down their personal memories and experiences into a text document, but this is not categorised as oral history.
Handwritten personal memories can also be archived in different ways:
- Handwritten papers can be archived as physical documents in a physical repository.
- Handwritten papers can be scanned for digitalisation. The digital file can be archived in a digital repository.
Scanned and then digitalised files, and computer typed files need to be exported as a PDF/A file format. This format is a variety of PDF that is an International standardised format for long-term archiving. But it is important to keep any physical documents as well as the digital file for authentication and verification.
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